Financial analysis project pdf

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Financial services through online portal. Geological Research Project. Career in Financial Analysis. Nifty tips and trends for today 18 April Financial Analysis. Global Financial Crisis. Lecture on Financial Management. B2B International Marketing Intelligence. Sales and Finance make Marketing.Meaning of Ratio:- A ratio is simple arithmetical expression of the relationship of one number to another. It may be defined as the indicated quotient of two mathematical expressions.

Ratio Analysis:- Ratio analysis is the process of determining and presenting the relationship of items and group of items in the statements.

According to Batty J. It is helpful to know about the liquidity, solvency, capital structure and profitability of an organization. It is helpful tool to aid in applying judgement, otherwise complex situations. Ratio analysis can represent following three methods.

Ratio may be expressed in the following three ways :. Pure Ratio or Simple Ratio :- It is expressed by the simple division of one number by another.

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For exampleif the current assets of a business are Rs. It shows that the credit sales are 5 times in comparison to debtors. Percentage :- In this type, the relation between two figures is expressed in hundredth. Helpful in analysis of Financial Statements. Helpful in comparative Study. Helpful in locating the weak spots of the business. Estimate about the trend of the business. Fixation of ideal Standards. Study of Financial Soundness.

Comparison not possible if different firms adopt different accounting policies. Ratio analysis becomes less effective due to price level changes.

Ratio may be misleading in the absence of absolute data. Limited use of a single data.

financial analysis project pdf

Lack of proper standards. False accounting data gives false ratio. Ratios alone are not adequate for proper conclusions. Effect of personal ability and bias of the analyst. Ratio may be classified into the four categories as follows:. Liquidity Ratio. Current Ratio.

Quick Ratio or Acid Test Ratio. Leverage or Capital Structure Ratio. Debt Equity Ratio. Debt to Total Fund Ratio. Proprietary Ratio. Capital Gearing Ratio. Interest Coverage Ratio. Activity Ratio or Turnover Ratio.At the simplest level of analysis, you'll want to make sure that the total costs of any major project you undertake are less than the total benefits resulting from the project.

financial analysis project pdf

You could simply add up the costs, and then add up your expected revenue increases and cost savings over the next few years, and compare the two. However, if you did that, you'd be ignoring the fact that many of the costs will be incurred at the beginning of the project, while many of the revenues or cost savings will occur later, over a period of months or, more likely, years.

We've reviewed a number of more formal ways to evaluate the costs or benefits that a major purchase or project will bring to your company. The most commonly used include:. Each of these methods has its advantages and drawbacks, so generally more than one is used for any given project.

And no financial formula, or combination of formulas, should be used to the exclusion of common sense. A project may "fail" your tests under some or all of these methods, but you might decide to go forward with it anyway because of its value as part of your long-range business plan.

The payback method is the simplest way of looking at one or more major project ideas. It tells you how long it will take to earn back the money you'll spend on the project. The formula is:. If the return from the project is expected to vary from year to year, you can simply add up the expected returns for each succeeding year, until you arrive at the total cost of the project. Under the payback method of analysis, projects or purchases with shorter payback periods rank higher than those with longer paybacks.

The theory is that projects with shorter paybacks are more liquid, and thus less risky—they allow you to recoup your investment sooner, so you can reinvest the money elsewhere.

With any project, the variables grow increasingly fuzzy as you look out into the future. With a shorter payback period, there's less of a chance that market conditions, interest rates, the economy or other factors affecting your project will drastically change.

Generally, a payback period of three years or less is preferred. Some advisers say that if the payback period is less than a year, the project should be considered essential. But probably the major criticism is that a straight payback method ignores the time value of money.

To get around this problem, you should also consider the net present value of the project, as well as its internal rate of return. A fairly simple way of gauging your return on an investment in a major project or purchase is the accounting rate of return ARR.

For purposes of this formula, depreciation is calculated very simply, using the straight-line method:. Using ARR can give you a quick estimate of the project's net profits, and can provide a basis for comparing several different projects.

Under this method of analysis, returns for the project's entire useful life are considered unlike the payback period method, which considers only the period it takes to recoup the original investment. However, the ARR method uses income data rather than cash flow and it completely ignores the time value of money.

The net present value method NPV of evaluating a major project allows you to consider the time value of money. Essentially, it helps you find the present value in "today's dollars" of the future net cash flow of a project.

Then, you can compare that amount with the amount of money needed to implement the project. If the NPV is greater than the cost, the project will be profitable for you assuming, of course, that your estimated cash flow is reasonably close to reality. If you have more than one project on the table, you can compute the NPV of both, and choose the one with the greatest difference between NPV and cost.A Project report submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree.

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Submitted To :. Submitted By:. MBA 3 r d semester Finance. Roll No. This is certify that Mr. Syed Mohd Ziya worked during the period w. To the best of my knowledge, the matter represented in this project is. I wish him all success in his career. Date: Rajesh Sharma. Guided by:. Kajaria Ceramics Ltd. My enrollment number is I hereby declare that present summer. I conducted this. Signature:. Someone has rightly said that practical knowledge is far better than.

During this project I fully realized this and I came to.

A study on Financial performance analysis of the Sundaram Finance Ltd

The subject of my study is Financial Analysis of Kajaria Ceramics. Finally there comes data presentation and analysis in the end.

I also put forward some of my suggestion hoping. Move a step forward to being. I acknowledge my deep sense of gratitude for giving me this opportunity to. At this moment of successful. To start with I would like to thank not once but twice Mr. Ashok Kajaria. Chairman and Mr. Rishi kajaria M. I would like to thank Mr. Deepak Gupta Dpt. MGRwho had been my project guide. Lecturer Guide for providing insights about.

This Project has been a great learning outcome for me and.Financial analysis is the process of evaluating businesses, projects, budgets, and other finance-related transactions to determine their performance and suitability. Typically, financial analysis is used to analyze whether an entity is stable, solventliquidor profitable enough to warrant a monetary investment. Financial analysis is used to evaluate economic trends, set financial policy, build long-term plans for business activity, and identify projects or companies for investment.

This is done through the synthesis of financial numbers and data. A financial analyst will thoroughly examine a company's financial statements —the income statementbalance sheetand cash flow statement. Financial analysis can be conducted in both corporate finance and investment finance settings. One of the most common ways to analyze financial data is to calculate ratios from the data in the financial statements to compare against those of other companies or against the company's own historical performance.

For example, return on assets ROA is a common ratio used to determine how efficient a company is at using its assets and as a measure of profitability. This ratio could be calculated for several companies in the same industry and compared to one another as part of a larger analysis.

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In corporate finance, the analysis is conducted internally by the accounting department and shared with management in order to improve business decision making. This type of internal analysis may include ratios such as net present value NPV and internal rate of return IRR to find projects worth executing. Many companies extend credit to their customers. As a result, the cash receipt from sales may be delayed for a period of time. For companies with large receivable balances, it is useful to track days sales outstanding DSOwhich helps the company identify the length of time it takes to turn a credit sale into cash.

The average collection period is an important aspect in a company's overall cash conversion cycle. A key area of corporate financial analysis involves extrapolating a company's past performance, such as net earnings or profit margininto an estimate of the company's future performance.

This type of historical trend analysis is beneficial to identify seasonal trends. For example, retailers may see a drastic upswing in sales in the few months leading up to Christmas. This allows the business to forecast budgets and make decisions, such as necessary minimum inventory levels, based on past trends.

In investment finance, an analyst external to the company conducts an analysis for investment purposes. Analysts can either conduct a top-down or bottom-up investment approach. A top-down approach first looks for macroeconomic opportunities, such as high-performing sectors, and then drills down to find the best companies within that sector.

A bottom-up approach, on the other hand, looks at a specific company and conducts similar ratio analysis to the ones used in corporate financial analysis, looking at past performance and expected future performance as investment indicators.Let us make in-depth study of the meaning, objectives, parties interested, and limitations of financial statement analysis.

The purpose of financial analysis is to diagnose the information contained in financial statements so as to judge the profitability and financial soundness of the firm. Just like a doctor examines his patient by recording his body temperature, blood pressure, etc.

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The analysis and interpretation of financial statements is essential to bring out the mystery behind the figures in financial statements. Financial statements analysis is an attempt to determine the significance and meaning of the financial statement data so that forecast may be made of the future earnings, ability to pay interest and debt maturities both current and long-term and profitability of a sound dividend policy. A distinction should, therefore, be made between the two terms.

The primary objective of financial statement analysis is to understand and diagnose the information contained in financial statement with a view to judge the profitability and financial soundness of the firm, and to make forecast about future prospects of the firm. The purpose of analysis depends upon the person interested in such analysis and his object.

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However, the following purposes or objectives of financial statements analysis may be stated to bring out the significance of such analysis:. Financial analysis is a powerful mechanism of determining financial strengths and weaknesses of a firm.

But, the analysis is based on the information available in the financial statements. Thus, the financial analysis suffers from serious inherent limitations of financial statements. The financial analyst has also to be careful about the impact of price level changes, window-dressing of financial statements, changes in accounting policies of a firm, accounting concepts and conventions, and personal judgmentetc. Some of the important limitations of financial analysis are, however, summed up as below:.

Thus accounting concepts and conventions cause a serious limitation to financial analysis. The analyst has to make interpretation and draw his own conclusions.

A study on Financial performance analysis of the Sundaram Finance Ltd

Different people may interpret the same analysis in different ways.To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Lalman Thakur.

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A, University Roll no. To the best of my knowledge, this is his own work and he has not submitted the same elsewhere for the award of any other degree or diploma. I approve it for submission in the partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Bachelor of Business Administration.

Date Mr. A, Govt.

financial analysis project pdf

College,Dharmshala Gaurav Narang 2 B. Any job in this world however trivial or tough cannot be accomplished without the assistance of others.

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An assignment puts the knowledge and experience of an individual to litmus test. There is always a sense of gratitude that one likes to express towards the persons who helped to change an effort in a success. The opportunity to express my indebtness to people who have helped me to accomplish this task. I deem it a proud privilege to extend my greatest sense of gratitude to my Project Guide MR.

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A for the keen interest, inspiring guidance, continuous encouragement, valuable suggestions and constructive criticism throughout the pursuance of this report. I am thankful to Coordinator sir DR. I am highly indebted to MR. U,SHIMLA for sparing time from their busy schedule for providing me with their able guidance at the time of need and helping me to achieve the ultimate goal of the study.

I would also like to thank MR. Gaurav Narang 3 B. Balance Sheet is a statement of financial position of an enterprise at a particular point of time.

financial analysis project pdf

When these statements of the last few year of any organization are studied and analyzed, significant conclusions may be arrived regarding the changes in the financial position, the important policies followed and trends in profit and loss etc. Analysis and interpretation of financial statement has now become an important technique of credit appraisal.

The investors, financial experts, management executives and the bankers all analyze these statements. Though the basic technique of appraisal remains the same in all the cases but the approach and the emphasis in the analysis vary. A banker interprets the financial statement so as to evaluate the financial soundness and stability, the liquidity position and the profitability or the earning capacity of borrowing concern. Analysis of financial statements is necessary because it helps in depicting the financial position on the basis of past and current records.

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